According to the UNESCO catalog, Bern is one of the world’s largest cultural heritage sites. Here, the Middle Ages are intertwined with modern history, creating a unique image of this city. Here are the diplomatic missions of almost all countries.
Bern was founded in 1191 by Duke Bertohold V of Zäringem. The first buildings were wooden, but only until one day the city burned almost to the ground. Since then, they began to build from local stone. Gradually, the city grew, capturing more and more new lands. In 1353, Bern became part of the Confederation, and became the capital only in 1848.
Symbol of Bern is a bear. According to legend, Bertohold gave the name to the new settlement in honor of the bear he had killed in these parts. Since the 16th century, there has been a special “bear pit” in the city. Even one of the squares is named after this beast – Barrenplatz. One of the most famous sights of the city is the Bernese Belfry, built in the 12th century. It houses the famous clock, made in the 16th century, which shows not only the time, but also the day of the week, month, zodiac sign and the phase of the moon.
A characteristic feature in the appearance of the city is a large number of arcades and colonnades. Their total length is 6 km. It is convenient to walk along them, and on a rainy day they will not allow pedestrians to get wet. There are many fountains in the city, there are about a hundred of them in total. Some of them were built in the 16th century.
Berne considered the most “floral” capital of the world. A geranium fair is held here every spring. The most famous museums in Bern are the Art Museum, the Bern Art Gallery, the Historical Museum of Bern, the Swiss Alpine Museum, the Postal Museum.
According to Watchtutorials.org, Verbier is part of one of the world’s largest ski areas “Four Valleys”, which combines the tracks of Verbier, Nenda, Zumaz, Veysonaz. For skiers – numerous tracks and high-speed lifts, for snowboarders – a snowpark with a half-pipe. The elevation difference is from 1500 to 3300 m, the total length of the slopes is 200 km, the lifts are 48. The main attraction of Verbier is the virgin slopes (6 ski areas). In 1994, the resort began a global upgrade of the lifts, which continues to this day. Verbier is built in the “chalet” style and attracts with the atmosphere of a traditional Alpine village.
The picturesque resort of Grindelwald is located in the heart of the Bernese Alps. The highest peaks are the Eiger (3970 m), Mönch (4099 m), and the Jungfrau (4158 m). More than 45 funiculars, ski lifts and lifts take skiers to the top of more than 200 km of different slopes. Grindelwald is a winter sports resort: alpine skiing, snowboarding (including off-piste and glacier skiing), skating and sledding, cross-country skiing. Every year, here, high on the glacier, the Festival of Snow Sculptures is held, which then decorate the city all winter.
Mount Jungfrau (Jungfrau)
The Jungfrau has been attracting tourists for hundreds of years. The Jungfrau peak has a height of 4158 meters, below is the longest glacier in Europe Aletsch (Aletsch), stretching for 24 km. Mountain skiing and just outdoor recreation are popular in the mountain area. The best way to get here is by rail. The road, built in 1912, stretches from Montreux to the Jungfrau through the picturesque valleys and passes of the Alps. The length of the path is 250 km, the highest railway station is at an altitude of 3454 meters.
Davos is located in the southeast of Switzerland near the Austrian border. Davos has a special place in the history of winter sports, since it was here that the world’s first towing lift opened in the early 1930s. Davos’ 315 kilometers of ski runs are divided into seven areas (Parsenn, Pischa, Strela-Schatzalp, Rinerhorn, Madrisa and Gotschna), some of which are connected by ski lifts. The Parsenn zone is the largest and most popular. Due to the popularity of Davos and due to the fact that the lifts from Dorf and Platz are of the funicular type and cannot accommodate a large number of people, there are long queues for the lifts to the slopes. The slopes are mostly red and blue, but there are a few off-pistes for masters, including the 18 km descent to Fideris. Elevation difference – 1300 m.
Lausanne is located on the shores of Lake Geneva. The city attracts the attention of tourists with opportunities for varied recreation, as well as historical monuments. Lausanne’s most famous monument, the Cathedral, is the most significant building of Swiss Gothic architecture. The Cathedral once hosted the coronations of the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire. Lausanne has a lot of greenery. Its Olympic Park, botanical garden, Ouchy embankment are world masterpieces of park art. This city is considered to be the world center of health and beauty. Here are located the leading Wellnes and SPA centers in this area, which are ideal in everything that concerns the reception and customer service.